Role of the Environmental Laboratory

The environmental laboratory has several functions a(i) Research laboratory, a (ii)Routine analysis laboratory and a (iii) Teaching laboratory.

1.1 Research Laboratory

The research component of the laboratory covers:-
• Analytical Method development
• Environmental pollution research
• Development of environmental sampling protocols
• Analytical quality control

1.2 Routine analysis is performed on:-

(i) General water quality parameters – pH, EC, Alkalanity, Turbidity, TDS,TSS, DO, Turbidity, Total N, and Total P
(ii) Anions – Fluorides, Chlorides, Nitrates, Phosphates, Sulphates, Bromides
(iii) Minerals in water, soils, plants and sediments
(iv) Soil nutrients– e.g. pH, CEC, Ca, Mg, Na, K, P, OC
(v) Heavy metals – e.g chromium, lead, nickel, manganese, cadmium, copper, zinc, mercury
(vi) Microbiology – Total coliforms, Fecal coliforms, Fecal streptococci

1.3 Teaching Laboratory

. The environmental laboratory’s role as a teaching laboratory is rather limited but teaching of the principles of the instruments to laboratory staff and research assistants is carried out annually. Short courses on AAS, HPLC,GC-MS, ICP-OES, theoretical background and application to environmental analysis are offered periodically and on request for people working on these instruments.

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