to its wildlife resources and scenic beauty, Botswana has become one of the leading tourist destinations in southern Africa. Tourism development in the country, especially in the Okavango and Chobe regions, has stimulated the development of associated infrastructure, facilities as well as a variety of impacts (both positive and negative). The overall goal of the programme is therefore to conduct tourism research that is informed by sustainable tourism development principles to address tourism – related issues.


figure 1

tourism principlesBy focusing in sustainable tourism principles, research carried out in the programme addresses issues of economic, environmental, social and cultural heritage matters, tourism planning and governance, cultural, archaeological and historical aspects of tourism that play a significant role in tourism development (see Fig 1).


Prof. Joseph E. Mbaiwa- Professor (Tourism Studies)
Dr. Susan O. Keitumetse– Research Scholar (Heritage Tourism)
Dr. Lesego S. Stone – Research Scholar (Business & Marketing)


The goal of this programme therefore is to conduct tourism research in the following areas:

>Economic impacts of tourism

>Socio-cultural aspects of tourism
>Archaeological and heritage aspects of tourism
>Environmental impacts of tourism
>Tourism business and marketing
>Hospitality and Interpretation
>Recreation, leisure and sports tourism


>Fossil Free Wetlands - Network of Excellence in Renewable Energy Technology for Development (NEED) Project

>Employee-employer relationship in accommodation facilities in the Okavango Delta, Botswana (2012-2015).

>Sustainable tourism in sub-Saharan Africa (2012-2014). Book Project.

>Historical archaeology of 'marginal landscapes' of east-central Botswana: between Kgalagadi Desert & Limpopo dry valleys. (Wenner-Gren Foundation, N.Y.)


>Tourism in the Okavango is growing with over 120,000 tourist visitors annually, over 70 lodges/camps and hotels, over 5,000 people employed, over P3 million generated annually, infrastructure development (e.g. Maun International Airport, road network etc.).

>CBNRM has been on the rise with many local communities becoming involved in tourism development. Citizen tourism businesses in Maun are also on the rise .

>Heritage is becoming a key component of Botswana tourism product offering with 2 sites listed at world heritage level and more sites being developed by government, e.g. Seboba, Khawa dunes, Moremi gorge, Gchihaba caves, etc fig5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                



>Keitumetse, S. (2006). UNESCO 2003 Convention on Intangible Heritage: practical implications for heritage management approaches in Africa. The South African Archaeological Bulletin, 166-171.

>Keitumetse, S. O., Matlapeng, G., & Monamo, L. (2007). Cultural Landscapes, Communities and World Heritage: In Pursuit of the Local in theTsodilo Hills, Botswana. Envisioning landscape: Situations and standpoints in archaeology and heritage, 52, 101.

>Mbaiwa, J.E. (2015). Ecotourism in Botswana: 25 years later. Journal of Ecotourism, (in press).

>Mbaiwa, J.E. & Darkoh, M.B.K. (2006). Tourism and the Environment in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Pula Press, Gaborone, 193pp, ISBN 99912 61 141

>Sebele, L.S. (2010). Community-based tourism ventures, benefits and challenges: Khama rhino sanctuary trust, central district, Botswana. Tourism Management, 31(1), 136-146.

>Stone, L.S., & Stone, T.M. (2011). Community-based tourism enterprises: challenges and prospects for community participation; Khama Rhino Sanctuary Trust, Botswana. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 19(1), 97-114.

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